Face, Organ and Limb Transplants and Immunosuppressants

For many years, I have followed news in the fields of organ transplantation, limb transplantation and face transplantation with keen interest. Each year, achievements in those fields become evermore impressive. Scientists and doctors in countries as dispersed as China, India, Japan, Spain, Thailand, Turkey and the US all seem to be producing groundbreaking results and innovations in the field of transplantation.

Worldwide Face, Organ and Limb Transplants

Most developing countries do not have sizable local biotech and other new-age industries. However, the vast majority have numerous hospitals, usually including at least several world class ones. Poor citizens in third world countries often have no choice other than to get transplants at local hospitals. This enables local doctors and surgeons to gain significant experience in  organ transplantation.

In the field of heart transplantation, India is especially important. In the field of full face transplantation, while the US leads the way, Turkey is also very important. The world’s first face transplant was done in Spain in 2010. China has also achieved some significant milestones in face transplants. It is supposedly also the first country where a penis transplant was successfully undertaken. Unfortunately, the patient did not want it after all that hard work and stress! You can read about the latest developments in Japan towards the bottom of this post.

One frequent question on hair loss forums is why people with significant balding and limited donor hair do not get hair transplants in which the donor hair comes from another person. Update: see allogeneic hair transplantation success.

The reason given is that in order for such a procedure to be successful, one would have to take immunosuppressive drugs (i.e., anti-rejection medicine) for a lifetime. This is not a risk worth taking for a cosmetic problem such as hair loss. Perhaps person-to-person hair transplants are also far more complex, since each hair being moved is a unique organ?

Immunosuppressants after Transplants

Like almost anyone else, I feel that taking immunosuppressive drugs to get hair transplanted from another person was foolish. However, recently, I started getting curious as to how dangerous these immunosuppressive drugs really are. Do people below the age of 65 die more frequently from diseases and infections after organ transplantation? Is it because their immune systems become weaker when they are on immunosuppressants?

Although I could not find too much information on fatalities, there are quite a few sites with warnings about side effects of taking these drugs. A large number of side effects are not especially dangerous, but there are some warnings of potential higher risks of cancer. However, this correlation with higher rates of cancer is not entirely clear cut.

One surprising thing I found was that immunosuppressants are often even prescribed for problems such as Eczema and Psoriasis for people with severe cases of these skin cell disorders.

Interesting Organ, Limb and Face Transplant Results

The duration of time for which organ transplants last has in general gone up for all organ types over the years. Some of the unexpectedly long-lasting results are particularly interesting. Especially when considering that the patient has to take immunosuppressant drugs throughout his or her life. Usually at a lower dose after the first year or so post transplant.

Some of my favorite recent transplant related stories:

British grandmother whose new kidney was still going strong 40 years post transplant as of 2014.

When it comes to the heart, Dick Cheney should be inspirational to all. Money and access to great surgeons helps of course, but rather then being envious, for the sake of science I hope that this man lives many more years. A good post transplant interview with Cheney.

US man with rare double hand transplant in 2010 still going strong five years later.

Heart transplant at the age of 2, still here at 32 as of 2014.

British man breaks world record in 2013 after surviving 31 years post heart transplant.

US face transplant recipient Mitch Hunter’s excellent Reddit “Ask Me Anything.”  Also see photos: Soldier Mitch Hunter.

10 thoughts on “Face, Organ and Limb Transplants and Immunosuppressants”

  1. So.. The thing to take out of this in regards to hair loss is what? That immunosuppressive drugs might not kill you? And that people might get hair from recently dead fellows?(no one alive is giving their hair to someone else for a transplant)…. Or maybe the fact that organs creation is vastly improving? This would be the aame principle as stem cell cloning of hairs which would be much aafer so i dont really see why this validates your “2020” stance when all this is still a minimum of 8-10 years away. No matter how much they hype it.. Just think about it logically.. There is minimal possibility of this being of any relevance to hair loss sufferers in the NEAR FUTURES

  2. Heh, and I thought this might have something to say about immunosuppressants helping to regrow hair, which I’ve wondered about.

    That said, Dick Cheney is a psychopath and a terrible human being, and I certainly do not hope he lives many more years =/

    1. Do not like Cheney either from what I have read, but for the sake of scientific advancement/knowledge, I want him to live at least a decade with his new heart. And then perhaps another decade with a new artificial bioprinted heart:-)

      I was considering adding more on immunosupressants and hair growth (partly discussed in several posts last year), but this already became too lengthy a post!

  3. Hi Admin, thanks for updating the site from time to time, I come and visit this website everyday. I understand it could be a long run to look for a cure for hair loss, but it is a relieve knowing other people like me are also searching hard for a cure on hair loss.
    This site has became my main source of news regarding to cure hair loss. Keep it up.

  4. So admin, do you think its possible that they will create hair from a bioprinter within the next few years? This has been a hope of mine; if they cannot grow it directly in our heads then just produce an endless supply that we can have transplanted. If they do produce hair, how long do you think they will test this technology before releasing to the public?

    1. Hola administrador, por favor usted tiene alguna información sobre cuando empieza la fase 2 de Histogen y de REplicel??? no tenemos noticias de ellos. Ellos mismos habían dicho principios de este año. Por favor necesito una respuesta. Gracias.

  5. Thanks for that link Admin. Interesting for sure. I wonder if the newly created hair follicle will actually be able to grow and go through its normal cycles, or if once its implanted it will remain the same length forever.
    As long as they are using hairs from the back of the head where the hair is DHT free, I would think the new hair could survive a long time . im ready to be a guinea pig, where do I sign up!!

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