Hair Transplant Industry in Turkey Worth $2 Billion in 2022

Update: December 11, 2023

Yesterday’s “The Irish Times” newspaper has a crazy article titled:

Fighting baldness: ‘We’ve stopped repairing transplants from Turkey. They’re so badly mutilated“.

The below quote is from a well known local Irish hair transplant surgeon:

“The transplants coming back from Turkey are so bad now that I’ve actually stopped repairing them. They’re so badly mutilated.”

Readers, please do a lot of research before going to Turkey for a hair transplant. There are many high quality surgeons in the country, but the number of back-alley assembly-line style clinics are likely far greater.

Turkey Hair Transplant
Turkey hair transplant patients in a Turkish Airlines flight.

The most frequent automatic news alerts from Google that I have received over the past ten years are about hair transplants in Turkey. Most of these articles still refrain from using the country’s new name “Türkiye”. I will use both in this post.

I almost renamed this post to “Turkish Hairlines” after reading the following quote in a recent Forbes article on hair transplants in Turkey:

“The national flag carrier Turkish Airlines is jokingly called “Turkish Hairlines” and the (Istanbul) airport is plastered with hair transplant advertisements.”

A video on TikTok that showed this phenomenon in a Turkish Airlines airplane went viral in 2022.

Turkish Hair Transplant Industry Worth $2 Billion

According to TRT World, the Turkish Health Tourism Association head recently announced that:

The Turkish hair transplant tourism industry was worth $2 billion in 2022. Moreover, one million patients from abroad received hair transplants in Türkiye in 2022.

The above numbers are probably estimated and have a wide error margin. However, there is no doubt that Turkey has become the global epicenter for hair transplant related cosmetic tourism.

$2,000 Hair Transplants in Turkey

If we go by the above data, the average cost of a hair transplant in Türkiye would then come out to be $2,000 per procedure. Extremely cheap by western standards, even if each transplant only consists of 1,000 to 2,000 grafts on average.

The one million hair transplant patient count estimate just in Turkey clearly indicates that the ISHRS global data is wildly off. The organization estimates their global hair transplant total (703,000 in 2021) based on member surveys that are then extrapolated. My gut feeling is that the Turkish number is a lot closer to the truth.

Now the Japanese and Africans are Coming

When it comes to hair transplant tourism, Türkiye has always benefited from its proximity to Europe and the Middle East. The cost of a hair transplant in Türkiye is less than half what you would find in Western Europe or Dubai. More surprisingly, in recent years, hair loss sufferers from as far away as Japan and sub-Saharan Africa have started to come to Turkey.

  • An increasing number of Japanese patients have started getting hair transplants in Türkiye per Nikkei, benefitting from a favorable exchange rate due to the weak Turkish Lira. According to one person quoted in the article: “The price of a hair transplant in Istanbul is one-sixth of that in Japan and one-half of that in South Korea.”
  • A recent article in the Jersusalem Post covered how Turkey is becoming the go-to destination for Israelis desiring hair restoration procedures. Among the reasons cited included affordability, medical expertise, advanced technology and safety measures. Besides the low cost, all of these will significantly vary depending on clinic of course.
  • Another recent article in Essence covered a clinic where 30 percent of patients were from Africa. Note that the kinkier and curlier African hair necessitates going to a surgeon who is experienced in transplanting that type of ethnic scalp hair grafts.

Unfortunately, the tremendous mostly positive publicity for Turkey’s low-cost hair transplant tourism industry has also resulted in hundreds of subpar unregistered hair restoration clinics in Turkey. In a similar manner to what you see in India where both good and bad quality proliferates rapidly. Make sure to read my posts on hair transplant abroad and hair transplant gone wrong.

Quality Clinics

Do note that there are dozens of quality clinics in Türkiye. Some of them impress me tremendously with what they show on social media. Some have plenty of great reviews, but also seem like factories with numerous physicians moving along at breakneck speed.

Some of the work that impressed me include this recent video from ASMED and Dr. Koray Erdogan. Another surgeon named Dr. Emrah Çinik has a large online following and stellar reviews. Almost all the well known surgeons seem to operate in Istanbul. Several lesser known ones are based in Ankara, but I am not mentioning them here for now.

Among the larger clinics with many surgeons, “Hair of Istanbul” has over 4 million followers on Instagram. Cosmedica and Smile Clinic both have over 1 million followers. Vera Clinic has 400,000 followers. Do note that many businesses can easily purchase followers and artificially increase their importance.

All the reputable surgeons should be able to perform the more popular follicular unit extraction (FUE) procedure. Some may still offer the strip (FUT) procedure depending on patient request and suitability,

Thousands of Unmonitored Hair Transplant Clinics in Türkiye

Suppose 1 million foreigners really do get a hair transplant in Türkiye each year; and suppose that each hair transplant clinic in the country performs a crazy high 1,000 procedures per year; you would then still have 1,000 hair restoration clinics being present in the country. Most likely there are at least several thousand hair transplant clinics in Türkiye. And I would not be surprised if the majority are unmonitored and maybe even unregistered.

Even more surprising:

  • On the ISHRS website, there are currently only 16 Turkish surgeons listed as members. Note that the ISHRS has around 1,000 hair transplant surgeon members from across the world. So it is not that hard to get on their list.
  • On the IAHRS website, there are currently 6 Turkish surgeons listed as members.
  • The Turkish society of Hair Restoration Surgeons was supposedly established on March 1st, 2020. However, I do not see any website for the organization that lists surgeon member names.

So it is absolutely imperative that you conduct thorough research before going to Turkey for a hair transplant. Even if most of the 1 million people who go there each year fail do so and take a major gamble with their long-term appearance. Do not do what GQ writer Alex Hawkins did (even if he got lucky and ended up satisfied):

“I flew to Turkey and visited a clinic where a vaguely mysterious doctor cut 4,250 holes in my head.

Dr. William Rassman: Hair Transplant Legend

William Rassman Book
Dr. William Rassman and Dr. Robert Bernstein’s book: “Hair Loss & Replacement for Dummies”.

Over the years, I have mentioned US hair transplant surgeon Dr. William Rassman a number of times.

Even though he is among the world’s true pioneers in hair transplant surgery, I primarily mention him due to other reasons such as:

  1. His comments on Reddit.
  2. His Balding Blog.
  3. His association with Amplifica.

Dr. William Rassman: A Delayed Bio

I am really impressed at Dr. Rassman’s continued motivation and sharp mind. He must be over 75 years old by now, considering that he got board certified in 1976. And that too after first being involved in heart surgery, and then serving in the US army in Vietnam. Among other highlights:

  • In 1992, Dr. Rassman founded the New Hair Institute (NHI).
  • In 2003, Dr. Rassman received the prestigious Golden Follicle award from the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgeons (ISHRS).
  • In 2008, Dr. William (Bill) Rassman and Dr. Robert (Bob) Bernstein published “Hair Loss and Replacement For Dummies.”
  • In 2002, the same two doctors plus others co-authored a paper on Follicular Extraction (FUE) surgery for hair transplantation. I should note that the invention of FUE hair restoration surgery first occurred in Japan via Dr. Masumi Inaba in the 1980s. The procedure was later popularized and improved upon by Dr. Ray Woods of Australia in the 1990s.
  • Dr. Rassman also has numerous patents to his name, and has been a key factor in many US hair transplant industry trends over the years. Including FUT (strip) megasession surgery.
  • He had a crown hair transplant on himself in the past. See my post on hair transplant surgeons who also had hair transplants.

The reason I wrote this bio today is due to a great new interview of Dr. William Rassman by Dr. Gary Linkov. The video is embedded further below. Thanks to reader “YoYo” for posting the link in the comments to the Amplifica post yesterday.

In the video, Dr. Rassman is pessimistic about hair cloning and hair multiplication. I think he underestimates the potential of companies such as Stemson Therapeutics, OrganTech (Dr. Tsuji), Shiseido. And possibly several other newer South Korean entities.

He gives full credit to Dr. Maksim Plikus, who leads the Amplifica and SCUBE3 research. It is encouraging that Amplifica will keep testing and developing new molecules. In 2024, we will hear more from them about the results of the initial work.

This whole week was full of great YouTube content that had me busy doing updates. I keep hearing that blogging is going to become extinct in the age of video and all the subpar AI content proliferation.

If blogging does go entirely out of fashion, I hope it happens at the same time as a hair loss cure gets realized.

Hair loss blog with the latest news updates.