Category Archives: Hair Transplant

New Hair Root Stem Cell Treatment from South Korea

Hair Root Stem Cells
New hair root stem cell treatment for Gemma Hair Transplant Center (South Korea). Screenshot from the clinic video at the bottom of this post.

Last month, someone sent me an interesting link to a new type of stem cell based non-surgical hair growth procedure in South Korea. It is offerred by Park Kyung-won, director of the Gemma Hair Transplant Center.

It seems like the original English version of the article is no longer available. I initially used that one to write my post. Note that Gemma hair also has a blog on Naver.

Mr. Park has been offerring hair transplants and conducting hair loss research for almost two decades. Almost 15,000 hair transplant procedures have been perofmed at this clinic as of 2024.

South Korea is a world leader when it comes to cosmetic procedures and new experimental regenerative medicine treatments. In the world of exosomes, a South Korean company named ExoCoBio is making big waves in Europe. And of course we have all become familiar with CosmeRNA, the world’s first RNA-based cosmetic hair loss treatment. The number of South Korean companies involved in creating new hair loss products and treatments is particularly impressive.

New Hair Stem Cell Transplantation Process

This new stem cell based process was validated for efficacy at Hanyang University Medical School (South Korea) in 2023. Moreover, in October 2023, Director Park filed a patent application for “a method for promoting transplantation and growth after transplantation using hair stem cells.”

According to Park Kyung-won (in the original English version of the article):

“The larynx has relatively more hair than other areas and is immune to the ‘DHT hormone’ that attacks hair follicles,” he said. “We have succeeded in commercializing non-surgical treatment in Korea that injects hair root stem cells collected from the larynx into the hair loss area for the first time.”

He goes on to say that after just one stem cell transplant procedure, it is possible to activate resting hair follicles and make existing hair thicker.

The description of this process is a bit confusing due to the use of the word larynx, which is the internal voice box area near the middle of your neck. Does this really just mean the beard or body hair near your throat region?

Considering that this is in South Korea, I doubt that too many residents have dense beards running all the way down to the middle of their necks.

Update: In the Korean version of the article, they use the phrase “occipital area” area, and this makes more sense.

“The occipital area has relatively more hair than other areas and has immunity to the ‘DHT hormone’ that attacks hair follicles.”

Also confusing is that later on in the (original) article, it talks about extraction from the occipital region of the scalp. And the use of a 5cc activated blood solution, which they refer to as platelet-rich-plasma (PRP). Perhaps some of these issues are due to Korean to English translation of the interview?

Another vague statement:

“Stem cells proliferate on their own, so you only need to collect 100 to 200 hairs to plant 3000 hairs.”

Follicle Stem Cell Extraction Kits

Below is a new Korean video from Gemma Hair Tansplant Center. The last one-third of it has an Indian doctor named Dr. Surtakant who is from Cryobank Research Centre (India) talking in English. He discusses the increasing popularity of non-surgical follicle stem cell hair transplants in India. He specifically mentions these new stem cell extraction kits and their difference from PRP.

In 2023, Dr. Park partnered with Cryo Center (India) to increase the purity of stem cells. Since then, he has purchased ownership of the “stem cell extraction kit” developed by Cryo Center. Only high-purity stem cells remain after processing. I assume this Cryo Center is the same as the Cryobank Research Centre shown in the below YouTube video.

The efficacy of the kit was verified at Hanyang University Medical School (South Korea). According to Kang Joo-seop, a professor of pharmacology at Hanyang University:

“Tissue staining tests such as ‘H&E’ and ‘IHC’ were conducted on stem cell fluids extracted by kits, and a large amount of Sox-10 (embedded stem cell-specific expression antibodies) were found.”

He also states that the PRP type solution from these kits contains far greater amounts of stem cells than what was seen in past autologous hair stem cell therapy attempts.

As of February 2024, Director Park’s injection of hair stem cells has been administered in about 40 patients.


Hair Transplant Industry in Turkey Worth $2 Billion in 2022

Turkey Hair Transplant

Turkey hair transplant patients in a Turkish Airlines flight.The most frequent automatic news alerts from Google that I have received over the past ten years are about hair transplants in Turkey. Most of these articles still refrain from using the country’s new name “Türkiye”. I will use both in this post.

I almost renamed this post to “Turkish Hairlines” after reading the following quote in a recent Forbes article on hair transplants in Turkey:

“The national flag carrier Turkish Airlines is jokingly called “Turkish Hairlines” and the (Istanbul) airport is plastered with hair transplant advertisements.”

A video on TikTok that showed this phenomenon in a Turkish Airlines airplane went viral in 2022.

Turkish Hair Transplant Industry Worth $2 Billion

According to TRT World, the Turkish Health Tourism Association head recently announced that:

The Turkish hair transplant tourism industry was worth $2 billion in 2022. Moreover, one million patients from abroad received hair transplants in Türkiye in 2022.

The above numbers are probably estimated and have a wide error margin. However, there is no doubt that Turkey has become the global epicenter for hair transplant related cosmetic tourism.

$2,000 Hair Transplants in Turkey

If we go by the above data, the average cost of a hair transplant in Türkiye would then come out to be $2,000 per procedure. Extremely cheap by western standards, even if each transplant only consists of 1,000 to 2,000 grafts on average.

The one million hair transplant patient count estimate just in Turkey clearly indicates that the ISHRS global data is wildly off. The organization estimates their global hair transplant total (703,000 in 2021) based on member surveys that are then extrapolated. My gut feeling is that the Turkish number is a lot closer to the truth.

Now the Japanese and Africans are Coming

When it comes to hair transplant tourism, Türkiye has always benefited from its proximity to Europe and the Middle East. The cost of a hair transplant in Türkiye is less than half what you would find in Western Europe or Dubai. More surprisingly, in recent years, hair loss sufferers from as far away as Japan and sub-Saharan Africa have started to come to Turkey.

  • An increasing number of Japanese patients have started getting hair transplants in Türkiye per Nikkei, benefitting from a favorable exchange rate due to the weak Turkish Lira. According to one person quoted in the article: “The price of a hair transplant in Istanbul is one-sixth of that in Japan and one-half of that in South Korea.”
  • A recent article in the Jersusalem Post covered how Turkey is becoming the go-to destination for Israelis desiring hair restoration procedures. Among the reasons cited included affordability, medical expertise, advanced technology and safety measures. Besides the low cost, all of these will significantly vary depending on clinic of course.
  • Another recent article in Essence covered a clinic where 30 percent of patients were from Africa. Note that the kinkier and curlier African hair necessitates going to a surgeon who is experienced in transplanting that type of ethnic scalp hair grafts.

Unfortunately, the tremendous mostly positive publicity for Turkey’s low-cost hair transplant tourism industry has also resulted in hundreds of subpar unregistered hair restoration clinics in Turkey. In a similar manner to what you see in India where both good and bad quality proliferates rapidly. Make sure to read my posts on hair transplant abroad and hair transplant gone wrong.

Quality Clinics

Do note that there are dozens of quality clinics in Türkiye. Some of them impress me tremendously with what they show on social media. Some have plenty of great reviews, but also seem like factories with numerous physicians moving along at breakneck speed.

Some of the work that impressed me include this recent video from ASMED and Dr. Koray Erdogan. Another surgeon named Dr. Emrah Çinik has a large online following and stellar reviews. Almost all the well known surgeons seem to operate in Istanbul. Several lesser known ones are based in Ankara, but I am not mentioning them here for now.

Among the larger clinics with many surgeons, “Hair of Istanbul” has over 4 million followers on Instagram. Cosmedica and Smile Clinic both have over 1 million followers. Vera Clinic has 400,000 followers. Do note that many businesses can easily purchase followers and artificially increase their importance.

All the reputable surgeons should be able to perform the more popular follicular unit extraction (FUE) procedure. Some may still offer the strip (FUT) procedure depending on patient request and suitability,

Thousands of Unmonitored Hair Transplant Clinics in Türkiye

Suppose 1 million foreigners really do get a hair transplant in Türkiye each year; and suppose that each hair transplant clinic in the country performs a crazy high 1,000 procedures per year; you would then still have 1,000 hair restoration clinics being present in the country. Most likely there are at least several thousand hair transplant clinics in Türkiye. And I would not be surprised if the majority are unmonitored and maybe even unregistered.

Even more surprising:

  • On the ISHRS website, there are currently only 16 Turkish surgeons listed as members. Note that the ISHRS has around 1,000 hair transplant surgeon members from across the world. So it is not that hard to get on their list.
  • On the IAHRS website, there are currently 6 Turkish surgeons listed as members.
  • The Turkish society of Hair Restoration Surgeons was supposedly established on March 1st, 2020. However, I do not see any website for the organization that lists surgeon member names.

So it is absolutely imperative that you conduct thorough research before going to Turkey for a hair transplant. Even if most of the 1 million people who go there each year fail do so and take a major gamble with their long-term appearance. Do not do what GQ writer Alex Hawkins did (even if he got lucky and ended up satisfied):

“I flew to Turkey and visited a clinic where a vaguely mysterious doctor cut 4,250 holes in my head.