Update: A blog reader from Brazil sent me something very interesting yesterday. Apparently, there was a study published less than two months ago that concluded that chronic inflammation was turning eye cells into skin cells! Read more here.
Today, the prestigious Science Magazine published two new studies related to hair loss and stem cells. They also had a brief summary on the link between aging, stem cells and alopecia, authored by Dr. Cheng-Ming Chuong from USC who I have mentioned on this blog before. The studies were not widely covered in the general media. In a rarity, the UK’s gossip rag Daily Mail seems to be sleeping when compared to its usually immediate and superb coverage or hair loss cure research and celebrity hair loss related news. Another UK-based paper, The Guardian, did cover these two studies and a lot of people have already made mostly nonsensical comments to that article. (Note that the author of this article seems to have typed COL17A1 as COL17AL, and some of the text in there seems like it was written by a non-scientist. He also forgets to mention that one of the studies also entailed experiments in humans).
— The first study (thanks to commentator “nosyu” for letting me know) from Japan has the somewhat difficult to understand title “Hair follicle aging is driven by transepidermal elimination of stem cells via COL17A1 proteolysis.” For non-scientists, the contents of that study are not very easy to understand without spending some time googling the various technical terms listed in there. However, an easier to understand article analyzing the above study’s findings concludes that “One reason your hair is thinning is because some of it turns into skin.” The study also discusses shedding of epidermal keratinocytes from the skin surface. A lot of people complain about dandruff, itching and dermatitis throughout their scalp while they are slowly balding, and I have had those problems many times in the past decade. Nizoral and sunshine have both helped me tackle those problems, but I can never seem to go for more than a few days without at least some itching and skin shedding. Note that a Japanese article on this study actually mentions the word “dandruff” in there when you translate to English.
The study authors found that hair follicles in women over age 55 were smaller and with lower levels of Collagen 17A1 (see more on COL17A1 here). It is good to see a study that is devoted to female hair loss sufferers. Moreover, one of the lead authors of the study is also a female by the name of Dr. Emi Nishimura. The researchers also engineered mice to lack the COL17A1 gene, and found that these mice then had no follicle-generating cells.
— The second study is titled “Foxc1 reinforces quiescence in self-renewing hair follicle stem cells.” Foxc1 (also known as Forkhead box C1) belongs to the Forkhead family of proteins and transcription factors. It seems like Foxc1 regulates the hair growth cycle, and perhaps manipulating this in future could prevent balding.