Category Archives: Topical Finasteride

Polichem Topical Finasteride Phase 3 Results Out

Update: June 6, 2019: It seems like Polichem’s P-3074 will be called ALM12845 when finally released. Almirall just released its first quarter 2019 filings.

“The top-line Phase III results for ALM12845 (androgenic alopecia) in the EU show statistical significance for the primary end-point (Change of Target Area Hair Count) at week 24. We expect the submission in Europe of ALM12845 in Q4 2019.”

My guess is that a “submission” in Europe means the same as in the US: i.e., the company is filing for approval to sell the new drug after successful Phase 3 trial completion.

Polichem Almirall
Polichem (Almirall).
April 19, 2019

I have covered topical finasteride for hair loss on this blog numerous different times. This despite the fact that I am far more interested in topical dutasteride.

Polichem — Topical Finasteride Phase 3 Trial Results

Earlier today, Switzerland-based Polichem (now owned by Spain’s Almirall) finally released the results of its Phase 3 trials for its eagerly awaited P-3074 topical finasteride product. This came after many months of anticipation.

Edit: It seems like they released results in the EU last month, in a slightly different format to the US ones from today. I never wrote about this important development last month.

From what I can tell, both oral finasteride (105 test patients) and topical finasteride (48 test patients) seem to have given almost the same  results in increase in hair growth after 24 weeks.

Side effects between oral and topical finasteride also seem similar, although they are based on surveys of the patients rather than any scientific methodology.

I suppose many volunteers would drop out if they were asked to come in every couple of months for testing of erectile strength, hormonal blood tests, sperm count and so on. As it is, even in these trials, around 30 percent of subjects dropped out before the 24 weeks were over.

Most studies from the past several decades suggest very limited potential for long-term side effects from oral finasteride. If you do not believe those studies, you could still try out topical finasteride (available at most local compounding pharmacies).

Topical Finasteride Delivery Systems

Update: November 2022 — An interesting new paper titled “Biomaterials for treatment of baldness“. They used finasteride-loaded poly D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) naoparticles to deliver finasteride locally to the scalp. The drug can penetrate more easily and remain in the acting site for a longer duration of 5-6 weeks.

Update: July 2021 — Sustained release of topical finasteride via novel tip-loaded dissolving and implantable microneedle array patches.


I have covered topical finasteride for hair loss at regular intervals on this blog. Many of us are eagerly awaiting the final results from Polichem’s P-3074 Phase 3 clinical trials. Those trials ended in March 2018 and involved a sizable 459 male participants.

Topical Finasteride
Topical finasteride for hair loss treatment.

More importantly, a number of hair transplant surgeons and pharmacies have in recent years started compounding their own version of topical finasteride.

In rare instances, they are even making the stronger topical dutasteride. Almost all local compounding pharmacies in the USA are able to make their own in-house topical finasteride.

From what I have read online and after calling several local pharmacies, it seems like gel-based topical finasteride is the most popular current topical option. Finasteride gel and finasteride tablets showed similar hair growth success rates per this 2009 study from Iran.

You can also get topical finasteride in various liquid solutions; creams; lotions; ointments; pastes; aerosol sprays; microsponges; and more.

Topical Finasteride Drug Delivery

It seems like there are numerous ever increasing potential ways in which to deliver topical finasteride to the scalp. Each drug delivery mechanism not only impacts final hair growth results, but also side effects. The ultimate aim in creating both topical finasteride and topical dutasteride is to drastically reduce potential side effects from the oral versions.

Update: New article summarizing novel topical hair loss drug delivery systems. Mechanisms of delivery include via:

  • Microneedling.
  • Laser.
  • Radio-Frequency.
  • Ultrasound Sonophoresis.
  • Iontophoresis.
  • Nanoparticle Delivery.

“What I foresee for the future is a delivery system that allows not only selective targeting, but also very prolonged delivery.”

Nanoparticle Delivery of Finasteride

2013 (South Korea): Enhanced topical delivery of finasteride using Glyceryl Monooleate-Based Liquid Crystalline Nanoparticles.

2014 (Brazil): Nanotechnology in Dermatology.

2017 (UK): Preparation and characterization of dutasteride-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers.

2018 (Brazil): Nanotechnology advances for hair loss.

2020 (Brazil): Novel iron oxide nanocarriers loading finasteride or dutasteride.

Chitosan

2008 (EU): Original Polichem patent on a chitosan-based delivery system for topical fin.

2020 (Brazil): Nanocapsules with chitosan-coating and dutasteride hair follicle targeting.

Liposomal

2007 (India): Development of liposomal systems of finasteride for topical applications.

Laser-Assisted

2018 (Brazil): Fractional non-ablative laser-assisted delivery.

Iontophoresis delivery of finasteride is also being researched. Some of the above methods can overlap with each other or be used in combination. I have not tried to put too much effort into the science for the time being, and will probably expand this post in the future.

If you have tried using topical dutasteride or finasteride, do comment on how you obtained the product. And if possible, the format (gel, solution, cream) and carrier vehicle. Did you see reasonable results? Any side effects?